Rape and Sexual Violence Used as a Weapon of War and Genocide

TitleRape and Sexual Violence Used as a Weapon of War and Genocide
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPeltola, Larissa
Academic DepartmentHistory
DegreeBachelor of Arts
Number of Pages211
Date Published2018/04/23
UniversityClaremont McKenna College
CityClaremont, CA

Rape and other forms of sexual violence have been used against civilian populations since the advent of armed conflict. However, recent scholarship within the last few decades proves that rape is not a byproduct of war or a result of transgressions by a few “bad apples,” rather, rape and sexual violence are used as strategic, systematic, and calculated tools of war, ethnic cleansing, and genocide. Rape has also been used as a means of preventing future generations of children of “undesirable” groups from being born. Rape and sexual violence are also used with the purpose of intimidating women and their communities, destroying the social fabric and cohesion of specific groups, and even as a final act of humiliation before killing the victim. In each conflict that is examined in this thesis, sexual violence is used against civilian populations for the specific purpose of genocide.

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