Civil War and Foreign Intervention in Greece: 1946-49

TitleCivil War and Foreign Intervention in Greece: 1946-49
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsNachmain, Amikam
JournalJournal of Contemporary History

This article looks at the bitter civil war experienced by Greece at the close of World War II between 1946 and 1949 as different groups in the  country fought over its political control. The Greek government army (supported by the United Kingdom and the United States) and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE) — the military branch of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) (supported by Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria, and covertly by the Soviet Union via their Eastern European proxies), which had been the major force in the struggle against Nazi occupation, fought bitterly in this conflict, which started the Cold War and let to the Truman Doctrin by he American President President Harry S. Truman that aimed to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion. The fighting in Greece resulted in the defeat of the DSE by the conservative-nationlist Hellenic Army., but only because of the heavy intervention of Westerns powers.

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